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The Light of Kailash, Volume Three

A History of Zhang Zhung and Tibet: The Later Period

by Chögyal Namkhai Norbu

Book - 30.00€ (without VAT)


Translated from Tibetan by Donatella Rossi

This summa of Chögyal Namkhai Norbu’s researches is dedicated first and foremost to his fellow countrymen and women and to Tibetan youth in particular. The text was originally conceived as a set of university lectures that Chögyal Namkhai Norbu was invited to give at the University of Nationalities in Beijing  in 1988, forming a first abridged version of The Light of Kailash subsequently enlarged by the author after further research; the manuscript through meticulous selection and a critical use and analysis of a vast array of literary and frequently unpublished sources became a work of 1,900 pages divided in three volumes.

The first volume, “The Early Period, the History of Ancient Zhang Zhung,” considers the rise of early human generations and the Bon lineages of ancient Zhang Zhung, its dynasties, language, and culture.

The second volume, “The History of the Intermediate Period: Tibet and Zhang Zhung,” is focused upon human generations, the Bonpo lineages, the spread of Bon during the lifetimes of the first Tibetan monarchs, the dynasties, written language, and civilization of ancient Tibet, as well as upon the reigns of specific kings, the Bon religion, and Bonpo religious figures (Dran-pa Nam-mkha’ in particular) of Zhang Zhung during that period.

The third volume, The History of the Later Period, is concerned with an assessment of the genealogies, Bönpo lineages, royal dynasties (from the first monarch gNya’-khri bTsan-po until the forty-fifth monarch Khri-dar-ma ’U-dum- btsan), language, and civilization of Tibet.

This amazing trilogy, aptly named The Light of Kailash, offers an open, daring, holistic, unbiased approach to the study of the cultural and spiritual heritage of Tibet and to the understanding of the origin of this fascinating and endangered civilization.

  • Translator’s Foreword 7
  • I. Identifying the Human Generations of Ancient Tibet 13
  • 1. The Five Sons of King sKya-seng 13
  • 2. The Monkey Meditator Bodhisattva and the Crag-Demoness 15
  • 3. The Tibetans as Descendants of the Chang Ethnic Group 26
  • Ii. Identifying the Bon Lineages of Tibet in the Later Period 35
  • 1. Revealed Bon, Derived Bon, Transformed Bon 35
  • 2. The Mutual Criticism of Bon-pos and Buddhists 48
  • 3. The Suppression of Bon by the Dharmarāja Khri-srong
  • lDe’u-btsan 64
  • Iii. Identifying the Royal Lineages of Tibet in the Later Period 73
  • 1. The Royal Lineages from King gNya’-khri bTsan-po to the
  • Dharmarāja Srong-btsan 73
  • 2. The Thirty-fifth Ruler of Tibet: Srong-btsan sGam-po 85
  • 2.1. Queens and Children of the Dharmarāja Srong-btsan
  • sGam-po 96
  • 3. The Thirty-sixth Ruler of Tibet: Gung-srong Gung-btsan 106
  • 4. The Thirty-seventh Ruler of Tibet: Khri Mang-srong
  • Mang-btsan 116
  • 5. The Thirty-eighth Ruler of Tibet: ’Dus-srong Mang-po-rje 128
  • 6. The Thirty-ninth Ruler of Tibet: Khri-lde gTsug-brtan 137
  • 7. The Fortieth Ruler of Tibet: Khri-srong lDe’u-btsan 151
  • 8. The Forty-first Ruler of Tibet: Mu-ne bTsan-po 169
  • 8.1. Queens and Children of Mu-ne bTsan-po 172
  • 9. The Forty-second Ruler of Tibet: Mu-rum bTsan-po 182
  • 10. The Forty-third Ruler of Tibet: Khri-lde Srong-btsan 189
  • 11. The Forty-fourth Ruler of Tibet: Khri-gtsug lDe-btsan 206
  • 12. The Forty-fifth Ruler of Tibet: Khri Dar-ma ’U-dum-btsan 215
  • Iv. Identifying the Written Language of Tibet
  • in the Later Period 229
  • 1. Did Thon-mi Sam-bho-ṭa Create the Written Tibetan
  • Language or Not? 229
  • 2. Zhang Zhung Cultural Influence and the Political Status
  • of the Tibetan Kings 243
  • V. Identifying the Civilization of Tibet in the Later Period 249
  • 1. Characteristics of the Tibetan Civilization after the Introduction and Integration of Indian
  • and Chinese Cultural Phenomena 251
  • 2. The Ten Cultural Sciences of Tibet 280
  • Bibliography 311
  • Indexes 321

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